As a part of my postgraduate studies I did quite a few paintings on Social community concept and Social Capital — twoinstructional theories from the social sciences discipline. This turned into earlier than the upward thrust of on-line social networking web sites. i latterly revisited a number of the work I did, and that i have become inquisitive about mapping the idea of Social Capital to online social networks as they exist today. to be able to to that, here is first a definition and explanation (pulled from my dissertation): social network tips
carefully related to social network idea is the theory of ‘social capital’ which offers with the intrinsic fee of communitystructures. In preferred terms, social capital “includes assets embedded in social relations and social shape, which may be mobilized when an actor wanted to growth the likelihood of success in a purposive movement” (Lin, 2001b). Lin (2001a) points out two critical components concerning this definition:
First, assets are embedded in social relations instead of inside the individual. The properties of the community and an actor’s role in that community are more crucial than the actor himself.
second, get right of entry to and use of those assets are dependent on an actor being aware about their presence. If an actor isn’t always aware about ties or relationships between him and other actors, he can’t use the assets to be had to him. Social capital then appears no longer to exist, and will most effective come into life for that actor once he turns intoaware of it. The ability to pick out networks and key role–players in these networks will therefore make it feasible to pick out social capital where the applicable actors can be completely unaware of them. The intention of finding the key actors in a network can therefore be likened to gauging the social capital of a network and locating fee in networks where it changed into now not formerly observed.
From the definition it’s far inferred that social capital depends first on an actor’s position within the network (are they inside the proper place to get entry to the sources?), and 2nd it relies upon on the nature of the assets inside thecommunity (are the resources worth getting access to?).
it’s miles very interesting to think about on line social networking websites on this context. The social capital (the value of being in the community) relies upon no longer just at the character humans in that network, however very heavily at theway they’re related. Connecting to the “proper” human beings emerge as defining you and constructing your social capital, because other humans will “judge” the quantity of capital you have based totally to your connections and your interactions with those connections. in this context it’s far critical to find those “key actors” inside the community which can be going to growth your social capital the most — the famous guy, your vice chairman at paintings, etc.
Now, consistent with Adler and Kwon (2000), there are 3 benefits of social capital:
Social capital gives actors in the community with get right of entry to to broader assets of records at decrease charges.
Social capital offers actors within the network with extended power and influence.
Social capital allows unity among actors, as robust networks encourage compliance with rules and customs without the need for formal controls.
once more, it’s thrilling to overlay those principles on social networks online. allow‘s have a look at every in flip:
get admission to to broader resources of data at decrease expenses. “decrease expenses” in this context would suggestmuch less effort — you’re able to get get entry to to the facts you need approximately your pals without having to attainout to them in a traditional feel with a telephone name or putting out. On fb, for example, the information comes to you thru the “Mini-Feed” software. you realize what the humans for your network watch, devour, do, pay attention to, and so on. And this social records is of direction an extremely powerful advertising tool. Social networks permit this informationto spread an awful lot extra easily (i.e. at “lower fee“).